Turkey launched a military operation Saturday targeting Kurdish fighters in the Syrian town of Afrin, Turkish state-run news reported.
The incursion, dubbed Operation Olive Branch, is likely to sharpen tensions between Turkey and the United States, which supports and openly arms Kurdish militias fighting ISIS. The operation targeting Kurdish fighters could open up a new frontier in the Syrian conflict, which has gone on for nearly seven years.
Ankara has long fought Kurdish unrest in southeastern Turkey. It's determined to prevent the establishment of a Kurdish state across the border in Syria and has used military force in the past against Kurds and ISIS in the northern part of the neighboring country.
Turkish jets pounded Kurdish militia targets Saturday in Afrin, which is under the control of the People's Protection Units -- the largely Kurdish militia known as the YPG that Turkey regards as a terror group.
Explosions were heard as jets swooped over Afrin, and Turkish-backed rebels from the Free Syrian Army (FSA) began entering the town, according to Anadolu Agency, Turkey's state-run outlet. Residents and activists also reported airstrikes in the region.
The Turkish military said the air force destroyed 108 targets in seven regions, including weapons depots and barracks belonging to Kurdish militias and ISIS.
The armed forces said that all of the dead and wounded brought to hospitals are Kurdish militia members. Seventy-two planes taking part in the operation returned to base safely, it said.
'We have no choice'
Speaking at a news conference in Ankara, Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said:
"Our air force has completed their mission and returned to base. Softening the field with artillery is still being carried out. And as of tomorrow, depending on developments, our land forces will carry out the necessary steps. In addition to Turkish soldiers, FSA units will also take part."
The YPG issued a statement on a pro-PKK news outlet, ANF, calling the Turkish attack "barbaric."
"We have no choice but to resist," the YPG statement said. "We call upon all of our young people to meet in the ranks of resistance, taking the resistance spirit of our sacrificial martyrs as an example. Especially the young people of northern Syria, and the youth of Afrin, should join the YPG ranks and defend Afrin against the fascist and barbaric Turkish state."
The Syrian Democratic Forces, which has many YPG fighters, also said it had no choice but to fight back.
"The allegations that we have carried out cross-border attacks are false and are an excuse for Turkey to bring its military and extremist opposition groups to Syrian territory," the SDF said. "This will be an act of aggression against us, our people and Syria."
Turkish Foreign Affairs Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said in a tweet that the operation isn't targeting civilians and "innocent Syrians" -- just terrorists.
He told a news outlet that the Syrian government was informed of the operation in advance, but the Syrian government, speaking through the state-run news agency SANA, said it wasn't notified.
"An official source at the Foreign and Expatriates Ministry said on Saturday that the Syrian Arab Republic strongly condemns the flagrant Turkish aggression on the city of Afrin, which is an integral part of Syrian territory," SANA reported.
Earlier Saturday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the military offensive is in its early phase. He said forces will next move on the Syrian town of Manbij, east of Afrin, on the Turkish border.
"We know that without security in Syria, there cannot be security in Turkey," Erdogan told members of his ruling party in Kutahya.
Report: Russia to back Syria at UN
Washington has been concerned about a Turkish military incursion and called on Ankara to refrain from launching one. "The focus needs to be on ISIS," State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said this week.
Turkish forces said they are targeting ISIS as well as Kurdish militia in Afrin.
"The operation is being carried out within the right of self-defense and with respect to Syrian territorial integrity," the armed forces said in a statement.
The Turkish Foreign Ministry is briefing the heads of mission of the United States, Russia and Iran in Turkey on the latest developments in Afrin, Anadolu reported.
Russia will back the Syrian government diplomatically and support a demand at the United Nations for Turkey to stop its military operation, Moscow's state-run RIA Novosti quoted a senior lawmaker as saying.
"At the United Nations, not only Syria will demand the termination of this operation, Russia will support these demands and will provide Syria with diplomatic assistance," said the lawmaker, Franz Klintsevich.
The Russian Foreign Ministry called for restraint Saturday. Its Defense Ministry said it had relocated some troops out of the Afrin area "to prevent possible provocations and to exclude the possibility of the threat to the life and health of Russian servicemen."
Gen. Joseph F. Dunford Jr., chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, spoke by phone Saturday with his Russian counterpart, Gen. Valery Gerasimov, about a number of issues, including Syria.
"Both leaders recognize the importance of maintaining regular communication in order to avoid miscalculation and to promote transparency in areas where our militaries are operating in close proximity," a Joint Chiefs spokesman said. "In keeping with past practice, both have agreed to keep the details of their conversations private."
Turkish incursion had been expected
Turkish-backed fighters from the Free Syrian Army were battling Kurdish militia members recently in Afrin, and a full cross-border Turkish military incursion had been expected.
More than 50 Turkish vehicles, including artillery, tanks, rocket launchers and heavy equipment transporters, had been observed on the Turkish-Syrian border, a US defense official said Friday.
Turkish state-run media had suggested that the operation would involve airstrikes from warplanes and drones, and that Turkish-trained militia from the Free Syrian Army alliance would be first on the ground in any land offensives.
US-trained border force in Manbij
Manbij is in an area where a 30,000-strong, US-trained border force from the Syrian Democratic Forces, dominated by YPG fighters, is to be trained. Turkish-backed rebels and US forces have been trading fire there, US defense officials said.
The announcement of a border force infuriated Turkey's leaders, and Erdogan has accused the United States, its most powerful NATO ally, of "building an army of terror" on his border and threatened to "drown" the US-backed force. Turkey regards the YPG as the Syrian arm of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, or PKK, despite the group's help in battling ISIS.
The Russian Defense Ministry said the United States contributed to the crisis in northern Syrian because it took steps "to isolate areas with predominantly Kurdish populations" and create border forces near Turkey. It said the delivery of modern weapons "to pro-American formations in northern Syria" stoked tensions that resulted in an operation.
The PKK is an outlawed Kurdish group responsible for major terror attacks in Turkey as part of its bid for national ethnic autonomy. The European Union and United States have both named the PKK as a terrorist outfit.
"By changing the name of a terrorist organization that is playing games in Syria, they think (they) are being smart. Who do you think you are fooling? The name of this organization is PKK, PYD, YPG," Erdogan said Saturday.
"No matter what they say, we don't care anymore because we look at what is happening in the field."