The Dow just suffered its deepest weekly plunge since 2008 and the Nasdaq is officially in a bear market.
The miserable performance reflects deepening fears on Wall Street of an economic slowdown and overly-aggressive Federal Reserve.
Banking, finance and investments
Business, economy and trade
Financial markets and investing
Economy and economic indicators
Company activities and management
Financial performance and reports
Government organizations - US
US federal departments and agencies
US government independent agencies
The Dow closed 414 points, or 1.8%, lower on Friday. The Nasdaq plummeted 3%, closing in its first bear market since the Great Recession. And the S&P 500 shed 2.1%.
Technology stocks fell Friday on continued negative sentiment about the US-China trade relationship, regulation and a general adversity to risk. Facebook (FB) slumped 6%, Apple (AAPL) declined 4%, Twitter (TWTR) lost 7% and Netflix (NFLX) fell 5%.
For the week, the Dow lost 1,655 points, or 6.9%. That's the steepest weekly percentage loss since October 2008. The Nasdaq plunged 8.4% on the week, its worst since November 2008. And the S&P 500's 7.1% weekly loss was the worst since August 2011.
All three major indexes are down more than 12% in December. Stocks are on pace for the worst December since the Great Depression,
Oil, the Russell 2000, the Dow transports index, and stock markets in China, Italy, Germany, Japan and South Korea are all in bear markets, too.
Investors are worried about the prospect of a global economic slowdown. Political chaos from Brexit, a looming US government shutdown and the resignation of US Defense Secretary James Mattis are stoking fear, too. And the Federal Reserve added to those concerns this week by signaling that its rate-increase plan will continue into 2019 despite downgrading its economic growth forecast.
"We see slowing economic and earnings growth and a carousel of concerns," said Keith Lerner, chief market strategist at SunTrust, in a note to investors Friday.
But investors have some reason for optimism. The S&P 500 is trading at just 14.5 times next year's expected earnings. That's far lower than the historical average of 16 times earnings, suggesting that the sell-off has been overdone. Stocks are cheap, presenting buying opportunities for smart investors willing to take on a bit of risk.
A temporary moment of excitement
The stock market took off early Friday after New York Federal Reserve President John Williams told CNBC that the Fed will remain flexible about its rate-raising and balance sheet policy if the markets take a turn for the worse.
"We would use all available tools" if the economy got significantly worse, Williams said, though he didn't predict the economy would turn south and pledged the Fed would "take the right policy decision to keep this economy strong."
"We're going to go into the new year with eyes wide open," he said. "The market is telling us pretty clearly there are these downside risks we need to be attuned to."
Williams acknowledged that the Fed now predicts somewhat slower economic growth than it had in the past, but he said the believes the market's selling is overdone.